ApuseniValea Crisului RepedeBeiusCampia Crisurilor
 
Bihor County PDF Print E-mail
Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

Image

 

Bihor County
Towns full of history, dozens of churches and architectural monuments, large woods, fast rivers, impressive caves, typical mountain villages, people leading an authentic way of life – shortly, a cultural patrimony of more than 2000 years, sustained by a quiet and peaceful nature. A delicious traditional gastronomy, people always happy to welcome their guests, guides who proudly represent their region, hotels and professional travel agencies waiting to offer their services. These are the ingredients of a new experience in an unusual region: Bihor County.

Surface: 7544 km2
Land fund structure: 66.2% agricultural land; 25.8% woods; 3% constructions; 1.9% ways of communication; 1.8% waters; 1.3% other surfaces.
Population: 596,951 inhabitants (50.4% urban; density 79 inhabitants/km2) Residence: Oradea, 206,235 inhabitants.
Localities: 4 municipalities (Beius, Oradea, Marghita, Salonta), 6 towns (Alesd, Nucet, Sacuieni, Stei, Valea lui Mihai, Vascau), 90 communes and 429 villages.
Ways of communication: 474 km railroads; 2664 km roads, out of which 602 km modernized (436 km national).

   Geographical position
   Bihor County is located in the northwest of Romania between the parallels 47° and the meridians 22° longitude of East. Its neighbors are: Satu-Mare county in the North, Salaj and Cluj counties in the East, Alba county in the Southeast, Arad county in the South and Hungary in the West. With a surface of 7.544 km2 (3.2% of the Romania ’s territory and 22.1% of the North- Western Region) it takes the 6th place in the country and the first place in the North- Western Region.

   Relief
   The county’s territory varies between 1849m, the maximum altitude in Bihor Mountains and 90m, the minimum altitude in the low Crisurilor Plain and it consists of three levels of relief: the mountains which take 24% of it, the hills and depressions 32% and the plains 44%. The mountain area is made of a part of the Bihor-Vladeasa Mountains, the highest mountain level, with large level surfaces, with important sectors of karstic relief where the Codru-Moma, Padurea Craiului and Plopis peaks are more prominent, separated by golf type depressions (an association of hills, terraces and flood plains). The hills area represents a middle level between the mountains and the plains, with moderate altitudes, between 200-450 m: Plopisului Hill, Padurea Craiului Hill, Bihorului Hill, Codrului Hill and Moma Hill. The plain area comes down from a 200 m altitude, in the vicinity of the hills, at 90 m in the low area of digression. It is formed of high units, Calacei Plains, Miersigului Plain, Bihariei Plain, Tasnadului Plain and Carei Sand Plain and low units, alluvial, smooth, with a humidity excess, Crisurilor Plains and Ierului Plains.

   The climate
   The county’s territory is under the influence of the western circuit transporting oceanic and humid masses of air. The relief ranging and the local characteristics lead to the existence of various tinges of the moderate temperate-continental climate. The average annual temperature is of 10-11°C in the plain area (10,4°C at Oradea), 7-10°C in the hill area and the low mountains and 2-7°C in the mountains (below 2°C on the high peaks). The absolute maximum temperature, +40°C, has been registered in 2000, August 21st, and the absolute minimum temperature, -29,2°C, in 1942, January 24th.


   Waters

   The rivers in Bihor belong to the hydrographic basin of the three rivers: Barcau (68 km on the county’s territory) together with Ierul, Crisul Repede (101 km on the county ’s territory), Crisul Negru (136 km on the county’s territory), and their tributaries. In the second half of the 19th century the arrangement of the hydrographic network began in order to limitate the floods and to drain the low areas with an excess of humidity, by creating numerous canals, including the sewer canal linking Crisul Repede to Crisul Negru. Natural lakes: The Snakes’ Lake and The Reed Lake near Salonta; The Big Eye on Petea; the Big Mire in Bihor Mountains. Among the anthropic lakes we can notice the dam lakes (Lesu Lake on Iadei Valley is the most important) and the ponds in the plain area. The ones for fishing are the biggest: Cefa (598 ha), Tamasda (200 ha), Homorog (95 ha), Inand (30 ha).

   The vegetation
   Is represented by the forest steppe in the plain area (lawns alternating with oak clusters), mostly occupied by agricultural cultures, secondary lawns, acacia plantations; the foliage woods area, consisted of cerris woods with hornbeam and cerris with oak and common oak, alternating with secondary lawns and agricultural crops; the foliage woods level (up to 1000 m), represented by oak, cerris with common oak, common oak with hornbeam, elm, ash tree, beech with spruce fir woods; coniferous level (1000-1700 m), consisted of spruce fir woods. The intrazonal and azonal vegetation is represented by the waterside vegetation (poplar, willow and lawns), salt marsh vegetation in humid areas. Many species of valuable plants are protected: sweet pea, tulipwood, thermal lilly, bear’s breeches.

   Fauna
   In the forest steppe one can find the rodents, and the woods are populated with roebucks, stags, wild boars, bears, squirrels, lynx, marten, pheasant etc. The mountain waters are the trout’s domain and in the hill rivers one can find the umber, the dace and the broad snout, and in the plain ones the carp and the perch.

   Protected natural areas
   In Bihor county there are over 60 natural reservations and natural monuments (Cetatile Ponorului, Cetatea Radesei, Sighistelului Valley, Izbucul de la Calugari, Ruginoasa-Valea Seaca Pit, Galbenei Valley, Padis Karstic Plateau, Saritoarea Bohodeiului, Poiana Florilor, The Wind Cave, Meziad Cave, Paraul Petea, Crisului Repede Gorge and the Apuseni Natural Park, 75.784 ha, out of which 31,92 % in Bihor.

 

     
 
     

Acest site web nu reprezinta in mod necesar pozitia oficiala a Comisiei Europene. Intreaga raspundere asupra corectitudinii si coerentei informatiilor revine initiatorilor site-ului web.

Pentru informatii despre celelalte programe finantate de Uniunea Europeana, in Romania cat si pentru informatii detaliate privind aderarea Romaniei la Uniunea Europeana, va invitam sa vizitati adresa web a Centrului de Informare al Comisiei Europene in Romania.