ApuseniValea Crisului RepedeBeiusCampia Crisurilor
Rivers and Iereis plain PDF Print E-mail







Rivers and Iereis plain
This term defines an area in Bihor that comprises: the Western side of the country, the Crisul Repede flood plain and the Panonian Plain, towards North the Ierului and Barcaului flood plain, in the South, Crisul Negru downstream Soimi. Besides the fact that these places shelter an entire series of archeological sites, fortresses and important fortifications, they are present landscape and cultural elements specific to the plain.
The fishing lakes, the reed and mace reed knitting workshops, the endless wheat and sun-flower fields, the clusters of trees hiding many wild animals and the famous wine cellars that have been dug in the hills are waiting for you to explore!

   Crisurilor Plain  touristic attractions
   The plain area of the county offer various touristic experiences, because each and every part of the plain is different.
        • Voivode Menumoruts fortress ruins in Biharia (the 4th century);
        • the ancient fortresses in Rosiori, Salacea and Salard (the Bronze Age) and Adrian Fortress in Salard (13th century);
        • the private mace reed knitting workshop in Suiug (Abram commune); mace reed and willow twig knitting are still present in Bors, Salonta, Salacea,                   Otomani,Tarcea;
        • the fishing lakes in Cefa, Inand and Gepiu;
        • the Snakes Lake and the Mace Lake around Salonta
        • Marghita town with its Csaky castle (18th century) and the Reformed Church (16th - 18th centuries);
        • The Old Church in Avram Iancu (13th - 14th centuries);
        • Degenfeld - Schonburg Castle (1896) in Balc;
        • Zichy Castle (1701) and the Reformed Church (1609) in Diosig;
        • Studenberg Palace (18th century) and the Ethnographic Museum in Sacuieni;
        • the wooden church in Sacalasau (Derna)-1721;
        • Crisului Negru waterside from Capalna to Ant with many places for fishing and hunting;
        • Tinca spa, mineral springs, Poiana botanical natural reservation with narcissus from Goroniste and the wooden church dated back in 1743.

   “The Grapes Ball” organized in Cetariu in September; “The Wine Festival” and “Autumn in Ierului Valley” organized in Sacuieni; “The Blooming Acacia Days” organised in Valea lui Mihai each year in the second decade of May; “Kirchweih” organised in Palota during June; “Slovakian Potato Fest” organized in Sinteu during October.

   The natural reservation Radvani Woods
and the ponds area next to Cefa commune constitute a wet area of avifaunal importance providing all the conditions for passage, feeding and nesting for a great number of birds protected throughout the entire world.

   Diosig vineyard

   The vineyard gathers the vine-growing districts spread on a large area North and North-East of Oradea, correspondent to the plain and hills Oradea-Barcau. The vine-growing centres Diosig, Sacuieni, Saniob have traditionally developed between 1569-1578.

   Wine characteristics

   Feteasca alba (recommended) has a yellow-greenish colour which, in time, becomes strawlike yellow or even golden yellow. Its olfactory notes and fragrance reflect the ones of the grapes they come from and to a smaller extend the ones of the production location. Abundant and with an expressive taste the wine imposes itself to the consumer by its elegance and finesse. With a well balanced structure and benefiting by a conditioning and stabilisation technology, the wine could definitely draw attention on the international markets.

   Italian Riesling
(recommended) has a long lasting yellow-greenish colour and a specific magnificence. After a long while the wine becomes golden. Due to its high acid value it draws attention by its fruitfulness and vivacity. Medium alcoholic and quite extractive the Italian Riesling presents the finesse and grace specific to the great brands

   Feteasca regala
(authorised) is a white wine with a yellow-greenish tinge when new. It becomes strawlike yellow after a period of maturation and even golden after ageing. The wine impresses the consumer through its attractive smell and its ample and refreshing flavour.

Ottonel(authorised) impresses through its yellow or goldenlike colour and especially its perfume and fragrance specific to this category. Gifted galore with specific chemical compounds and valued by a relatively high acidity, the Muscat Ottonel receives positive appreciation often being used in producing other brands.

   Valea lui Mihai Vineyard

   The vineyard centers: Valea lui Mihai, Sanislau.
   The vineyard develops itself in the specific conditions of the sands in Campia Carei -Valea lui Mihai in the North-Western side of Romania. The Valea lui Mihai Vineyard is located in Bihor and Satu Mare counties.
   During the 17th century the vineyards were organised in the so-called “grape gardens”, separated from the arable fields. The problems connected to the administration and production of these “grape gardens” were solved by a council managed by a leader with well established prerogatives.

   Wine characteristics
   Feteasca regala (recommended) has a yellow-greenish colour, with golden reflections when mature. As a new wine it reminds of the grapes perfume and fragrance it comes from. In time it enriches with a bouquet diminishing the scent of fresh fruit. Tasty, light, refined and full of fruitfulness, Feteasca Regala wine gains the finess and unctuousness you can find in a superior quality wine.

   Mustoasa de Maderat
(authorised), locally named Lampau, is an impetuous wine, with a local note hard to define. It has a yellow-greenish colour which persists in time. Usually sec and medium alcoholic the wine ages in good conditions due to its relatively high acid value. The freshness and succulence tinge give this wine a personality easy to recognise and remember. Mustoasa de Maderat renders profitable the natural conditions of the vineyard and reflects both the sort and the production area.
   The wine cellars dug in the hills on the Ierului Valley are remarkable by the originality and uniqueness of the gates. Beautifully combining the wooden and iron execution the gates give a patrimony value to the cellars. The gates in Albis, Ianca, Sanicolaul de Munte, Sacuieni, Salacea, Tarcea, Targusor, Vaida are to be noticed.



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